by Dr. Anuradha Shah
Prostate cancer is the second most common cause of cancer and the sixth leading cause of cancer death among men worldwide.
The prevalence of prostate cancer in India is now similar to the Western countries due to changing life styles, increased awareness, and easy access to medical facility, hence more cases of prostate cancer are being picked up
Prostate cancer is usually a very slow growing cancer and most patients do not have significant symptoms until the cancer reaches an advanced stage. Prostate cancer that is detected early — when it’s still confined to the prostate gland has a better chance of successful treatment.
Most men with prostate cancer die of other unrelated causes, and many never know that they have the disease. But once prostate cancer begins to grow quickly or spreads outside the prostate, it is dangerous.
- Age: Risk of prostate cancer increases with age. Prostate cancer is very rare in men below 40 and the risk increases rapidly after the age of 50.
- Family history: Prostate cancer seems to run in families which suggests a genetic or inherited factor involved in its causation.
Screening and Early Detection
- Prostate cancer can often be found early by testing the amount of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in a man’s blood sample.
- Another way to find prostate cancer early is the digital rectal exam (DRE).